We need modern high-performance materials for sustainable mobility and climate neutral generation of energy. In order to develop those materials in a targeted manner, we must analyze their behaviour and properties as precisely as possible. Many materials properties are determined by factors that occur on the atomic level or depend on structural details at the nanometer scale. The “Metal Physics” department analyzes these phenomena on the smallest scales under conditions that prevail in use or during manufacturing. In parallel, the processes and materials are digitally modeled. This enables a significant further development of high-performance materials to customize them to the needs of society and industry.